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The Enemy

Karim Ben Khelifa
2017 | 60 min
Virtual and Augmented Reality

Selections and Awards

  • Winner - Most Illustrated Production on International NUMIX Awards 2019

  • CMF Grand PrizeNUMIX Awards 2018

  • Immersive Production Award - Cultural Production NUMIX Awards 2018

  • Journalism AwardWorld VR Forum 2018

  • SENSible AwardGeneva International Film Festival 2018

  • Best Virtual Reality ExperienceRose d'Or Awards 2017

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The project

Visions and Objectives



Fabien Barati Interview

Nicolas S. Roy Interview




Karim Ben Khelifa

Karim Ben Khelifa

Karim Ben Khelifa has been a war correspondent for publications including Le Monde, Stern, Vanity Fair, The New York Times Magazine, and Newsweek in a number of war zones—among them, Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Kashmir, Lebanon, Iran, North Korea, Libya, and Egypt. He has lived in Yemen, New York, and Paris, and now divides his time between Boston and Berlin.

Karim is a member of the advisory board of the Observatory for Photojournalism of the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. He first launched this project with “Portraits of the Enemies”, which debuted at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, before being shown at the 19th annual war correspondents’ gathering at Bayeux. As part of this project, he was a Visiting Artist at the MIT Open Documentary Lab (2013-2015). Since June 2015, he has been a Visiting Scholar at the MIT Comparative Media Studies Program & Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL)
and a Visiting Artist at the MIT Center for Art, Science & Technology (CAST).

Louis-Richard Tremblay
Producer (NFB)
Photo : Angel Carpio

Louis-Richard Tremblay

Louis-Richard Tremblay is intrigued by the power of interactive experiences and fascinated by all forms of media exploration. He collaborates with creators who manipulate technology to serve the subject at hand, resulting in works that appeal to participants’ intelligence and imagination.

After studying political science, Louis-Richard was drawn to architecture and radio before delving into the interactive world at Radio-Canada and the NFB. His productions have won numerous local and international awards (Online journalism award, Award of excellence from The Society of new design, Gémeaux, Webby and Peabody). He has also sat on the selection committee of several international excellence awards, including World Press Photo and the Tim Hetherington Trust.

His most recent projects include The Unknown Photographer, Do Not Track, In Limbo, Fort McMoney: The Movie and McLaren Wall to Wall, a tribute to Norman McLaren.

Chloé Jarry (Camera Lucida)

Chloé Jarry (Camera Lucida)

Fabien Barati (Emissive)
Executive Producer

Fabien Barati (Emissive)

Fabien Barati founded Emissive in 2005 after graduating from Supinfocom, a France-based university specializing in computer graphics. Passionate about digital innovation, he and his team create interactive installations that use immersive technologies in entirely new ways.

Nicolas S. Roy (Dpt)
Executive producer and creative director

Nicolas S. Roy (Dpt)

Nicolas S. Roy is Co-Founder and Creative Director at Dpt., a digital studio specializing in immersive experiences and interactive storytelling. He has been writing, coding and directing award-winning, multi-platform projects in the cultural and commercial sectors for over 15 years. His versatile practice, combining design and code, has led him to work with such institutions as the NFB, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Montreal Science Centre, Ubisoft, France Télévisions, Autodesk and Samsung. Notable projects include Deprogrammed, Bar Code, The Enemy, Parade and Toi, moi et la Charte.

On a more personal note, Nicolas is a political junkie who devours dozens of news headlines and articles per day. Bias thus represents not only the possibility of creating an innovative mobile game, but an opportunity to combine his extensive interactive expertise with his passion for the principle of a strong and independent press.

Antonin Lhôte (France TV)
France TV

Antonin Lhôte (France TV)


Karim Ben Khelifa


Executive Producer
François Bertrand

Chloé Jarry

Project Manager
Hélène Adamo

Production Manager
Vincent Décis

Assisted by
Silvia Alba
Caroline Bouffard

Productions Assistants
Thibault Bernard
Ana-Maria de Jesus
Matthieu Mainpin
Alexandra Ternant
Alessandra Bogi

Production Coordinators
Céline Delaunay
Frédérique Dewynter

Production Administration
Valérie Sieye
Anthony Donato
Stéphanie Garcia

VR Experience Distribution
Hélène Adamo

Stage Assistant Paris
Tennessee Charles

Hélène Adamo

Assisted by
Charlotte Zipper

Graphic Designer


Antonin Lhôte
Pierre Block de Friberg
Céline Limorato
Catherine Mugler
Sandrine Miguirian
Vanille Cabaret

Technical Coordination
Pascal Voisin

Agnès Desplas
Léo Fauvel


Executive Producer
Hugues Sweeney

Louis-Richard Tremblay
Marie-Pier Gauthier

Production Managers
Nathalie Bédard-Morin
Marie-Pier Gauthier 

Editorial Manager
Valérie Darveau

Head of Technologies
Martin Viau

Production Coordinators
Caroline Fournier
Dominique Brunet
Perrine Bral

Marie-Andrée Bonneau

Technical Coordinator
Mira Mailhot

Marketing Managers
Tammy Peddle
Paule Béland

Assisted by
Florent Prevelle

Social media strategists
Kathryn Ruscito
Emilie Nguyen Lamoureux

Press relations
Marie-Claude Lamoureux

Information technologies
Sergiu Suciu

Legal services
Peter Kallianiotis


Executive Producer
Fabien Barati

Project Managers
Didier Mayda
Jennifer Havy

3D Graphics
Vanessa Jory
Jean-Baptiste Sarrazin

3D Animations
Clotilde Steffen
Christophe Devaux

Karim Guennoun
Charles Taieb
Clément Barbisan
Vincent Ponsort
Nolwenn Bigoin
Antoine Ferrieux

Technical Expert
Fabien Barati
Anthony Bousselier


Executive Producer and Creative Director
Nicolas S.Roy

Production Managers
Geneviève Trepanier
Stéphanie Emond

Artistic Director
Maude Thibodeau

UX and Design
Maude Thibodeau
Raed Moussa
Julie Delias

Main Developper
Paul Georges

Vander Amaral
Guillaume Tomasi
Julien Robitaille


Karim Ben Khelifa

Assistant Director
Sélim Harbi

DOP Shootings
Jean-Gabriel Leynaud

Assisted by
Quentin Esperse

Photogrammetry and 3D Scan
Fabien Barati

Location Manager
Eman Mohammed
Rubi Makeover


Karim Ben Khelifa

Assistant Director
Sélim Harbi

DOP Shootings
Jean-Gabriel Leynaud

Assisted by
Quentin Esperse

Photogrammetry and 3D Scan
Fabien Barati

Location Manager
Adolph Basengezi


Karim Ben Khelifa

Assistant Director
Sélim Harbi

DOP Shootings
Quentin Esperse

Location Manager
Paula Rosales


DOP Unity Environment
Lionel Jan Kerguistel

Rhona Dumonthier-Finch
Keren Gitai-Mock
Bianca Jacobson
Emmanuelle Ricard
Elizabeth Young
Gabrielle Lisa Collard
Bronwyn Haslam
Rhonda Sherwood
Jovana Jankovic
Anna Victor)
Catherine Bélanger
Crystal Beliveau

English Voice for VR Instructions
Fanny Gautier

French Voice for VR Instructions
Cassandre Manet

French and English Voice Over
Alexandre Daneau
Peter Michael Dillon
Matt Holland
Gabriel Lessard

Actor’s Agents
Emilie Françoise

Vocal Coach
Benoit Rousseau
Élise Bertrand

Assistant Editor
Guillaume Cage

Sound Recording Studio

Sound Engineer
Philippe Chariot
Bruno Lagoarde
Matthieu Cochin
Eric Wager
Marie Muller

Head Grip
Vincent Blasco
Jean Chesneau

Technical Instruments
Optitrack – Natural Point

Human-Computer Interaction Producer
D. Fox Harrell, PhD

Impact Producers
Lina Srivastava
Tina Ahrens

Trailer and communication

Trailer #1

Trailer Director and Editor
David Fernandes

Assisted by
Hélène Adamo

Trailer DOP
Antoine Goetghebeur


Running out de David Tobin, Jeff Meegan and Julian Gallant

© A music

Trailer Mixing
Bruno Lagoarde

Trailer #2

Sound Editing
Emmanuel Alberola

Marie-Ève Talbot

Trailer #3

David Fernandes

Video Excerpts
Jeffrey Trunell

Supported by the Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée
Nouvelles technologies en production et Fonds Nouveaux Médias
With the participation of DICRéAM

With the participation of l’Institut National de l’Audiovisuel (INA)

Supported by
The TFI New Media Fund
The Ford Foundation
The Sundance Institute New Frontier Program
The Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Arts’
Doris Duke New Frontier Fellowship and the Open Society Foundations
MIT Open Documentary Lab
MIT Center for Art, Science & Technology
Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée
Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée
The Enemy has also been supported by Google Digital News Initiative.

For their help and support during the entire production stage, productions teams and the author wish to thank:

Voyelle Acker, Tina Ahrens, Antoine Allard, François Asseman, Pauline Augrain, Markus Badde, Antonin Baudry, David Beja, Pervenche Beurier, Ludovic Blecher, Léontine Bob, SokLinh Cheng, Olivia Colo, Maya Dagnino, Juan B. Diaz, Rémy Dorne, Mathieu Fournet, Aude Gauthier, Chantal Gishoma, Patrick Gonidec, Thais Herminie, Katherine Higgins, Ingrid Kopp, Jérôme Lecanu, Philippa Mothersill, Oumar N’Daw, Bruno Patino, Rémy Pflimlin, Alexis Raison, Christine Siméone, Kamal Sinclair, Michele Slatter, Caspar Sonnen, William Uricchio, Doug Weinstock, Sarah Wolozin.

The author would like to thank Boris Razon for his involvment to intiate the project

 Production teams would like to thank the following institutions for hosting VR experience user testing in their facilities:

 Le Forum des images (Corinne Béal and Michaël Swierczynski)
L’IRI – Institut de recherche et d’innovation du centre Pompidou (Vincent Puig and Nicolas Sauret)
Le Carrefour numérique² de la Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie (Bruno Maquart and Pierre Ricono)
L’INA – Institut national de l’Audiovisuel (Kanele Bazin, Amandine Collinet and Marie Tomat)
Special thanks to:
Abu Khaled
Jean de Dieu
Jorge Alberto
Amilcar Vladimir

© Camera lucida productions/ France Télévisions / ONF / Dpt / Emissive – 2017


Press Relations

  • About the NFB

    The National Film Board of Canada (NFB) is one of the world’s leading digital content hubs, creating groundbreaking interactive documentaries and animation, mobile content, installations and participatory experiences. NFB interactive productions and digital platforms have won over 100 awards, including 21 Webbys. To access this unique content, visit NFB.ca.

  • Camera Lucida

    CAMERA LUCIDA (PARIS) brings together producers and writer/directors who share a passion for innovation and artistic creation. The strategy is to push the boundaries of storytelling and to produce works in a wide range of formats, from interactive experiences to animation and IMAX® 2D or 3D.

  • Emissive

    Specializing in virtual and augmented reality, Emissive designs and produces unique immersive experiences and supports clients in integrating these innovative technologies. Since its creation in 2005, Emissive has become a European leader in the VR industry. Its team of 25 experts create engaging applications, tailored to the needs of communication and training.

    Emissive works with leading brands such as IKEA, Hermes, Dassault Systèmes, Merck, Thales, BNP Paribas, Patek Philippe and Orange.

  • FranceTV Nouvelles Écritures

    FRANCETV NOUVELLES ÉCRITURES (PARIS) is France Télévisions’ narrative research department. Since 2011, it has co-produced and participated in the development of more than 170 native web, transmedia, interactive and linear projects. Nouvelles Écritures does not restrict itself to any one genre, using innovative approaches to show today’s world in a new light.

  • Dpt.

    Dpt. is a digital studio crafting award-winning immersive and narrative experiences. We conceptualize, design and build content-driven work for brands and museums as well as for the entertainment, film and education industries.