Standing on the Line
Paul Émile d'Entremont
| 80 min 30 s
Selections and Awards
In both amateur and professional sports, being gay remains taboo. For some athletes, the pressure to perform is compounded by the further strain of deciding whether or not to come out of the closet. They set out to overcome prejudice in the hopes of changing things for the athletes of tomorrow.
About the Film
In both amateur and professional sports, being gay remains taboo. Few dare to come out of the closet for fear of being stigmatized, and for many, the pressure to perform is compounded by a further strain: whether or not to affirm their sexual identity.
Breaking the code of silence that prevails on the field, on the ice and in the locker room, this film takes a fresh and often moving look at some of our gay athletes, who share their experiences with the camera. They’ve set out to overcome prejudice in the hopes of changing things for the athletes of tomorrow.
Behind every sporting feat, there’s an athlete. And behind the athlete can be someone who has seen or experienced discrimination based on sexual orientation. While a handful of athletes in the sports hall of fame are openly and proudly gay, in a culture that prizes virility, toughness and heterosexuality, the pressure to perform can be compounded by the further strain of deciding whether or not to come out of the closet.
Standing on the Line sets out to break the code of silence that reigns in amateur and professional sports. To the backdrop of a New Brunswick varsity football team in training, filmmaker Paul Émile d’Entremont takes a fresh look at some of our top athletes, who’ve joined their voices in support of the LGBTQ cause. We meet Canadian speed skater Anastasia Bucsis, who represented Canada in Sochi; former Montreal Impact player David Testo; and hockey personalities like Brock McGillis, the first pro goalie to come out publicly, and Brendan Burke, whose 2009 coming out rocked the world of pro sports. Burke’s tragic death the following year sparked the creation of You Can Play, a campaign advocating tolerance and inclusion for which his brother Patrick and his father—hockey legend Brian Burke—are the proud ambassadors. Hoping to change things for tomorrow’s athletes, they’re slowly breaking through the last taboo: homophobia in sports.
Interview with Paul Émile d’Entremont
The world of amateur and professional sports is fertile ground for homophobia. In an ostensibly heterosexual culture that idolizes virility and toughness, gay athletes can fall victim to exclusion, both directly and indirectly. In recent years, however, some have decided to stop pretending and—in the hopes of changing things for tomorrow’s players—do what few have dared: namely, publicly come out.
While still a taboo topic in the locker room, the issue of gay athletes in sports is the focus of Paul Émile d’Entremont’s documentary Standing on the Line. Top athletes go on camera to break the code of silence as, in the background, we watch the Olympiens—the varsity football team at École secondaire L’Odyssée in Moncton, New Brunswick—undergo their gruelling training.
For some athletes, disclosing their sexual orientation can have repercussions on their mental and physical health. There are the insults and slurs to contend with, and the delicate issues of locker-room privacy, nudity in the showers, sharing hotel rooms; and then there are the narrow-minded fans who spread rumours. There’s also the spectre of failure and with it, the need to protect image and reputation, manage sensitivities and egos, maintain group cohesion and not jeopardize the team’s mission; these are just some of the reasons that could keep an athlete in the closet.
But for others, coming out is liberating. Take Anastasia Bucsis, a Canadian speed skater whose entourage took the news in stride. She first came out to her family and friends at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Then, a few months before Sochi 2014, with Russia banning gay “propaganda,” Anastasia came out publicly—making her the only openly gay North American Olympian at the time. “At last I could be myself,” she said. Following her announcement, the skater saw her performance improve dramatically. During qualifications for the 2018 Games in Pyeongchang, she said: “[Standing] up and saying, ‘Yeah, I’m gay’… really gave me a sense of pride.”
Like Bucsis, other athletes are proud to lend their names to the LGBTQ cause, including David Testo, former soccer player for the Montreal Impact. Testo publicly revealed his orientation in 2011, a pivotal year for the team, at the time poised to enter Major League Soccer. Though his sexuality was no secret to his managers or teammates, Testo was assailed by on-field slurs. “To talk about this, it’s bigger than winning or losing,” he says. Everything changed after he came out, resulting in him hanging up his cleats and retiring prematurely. Lacking a safety net, Testo underwent a dark period marked by drugs and alcohol. Today, though, he makes no bones about his identity.
Now seen as a role model, Brock McGillis is a former goalie who had to prove his masculinity to his teammates, going so far as to forge a reputation as a womanizer. No players in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL) or National Hockey League (NHL) had ever openly discussed their orientation; McGillis feared being given less ice time or even getting kicked off the team. Today, he gives back to the sport by training young Canadian hopefuls, and he also tours schools. His mission: change the culture of homophobic language that continues to run rampant within the sport. And his efforts are paying off, as witnessed by his remarkable meeting with the Saint John Sea Dogs. Following the encounter, the Sea Dogs became the first Q-league member to partner with You Can Play, a campaign promoting inclusion and safety for all LGBTQ athletes, coaches, associations and supporters.
You Can Play came into being following the tragic death of Brendan Burke in a car crash in 2010, just a year after his coming out had rocked the sports world. His father, former Maple Leafs general manager Brian Burke, and his brother Patrick, who co-founded the campaign, wanted to honour his legacy. Patrick has expressed regrets about “not doing my job as a big brother” as he should have: “I made gay jokes, I made homophobic comments.” Culturally and socially, nothing to date has proven as effective for promoting awareness as hockey.
With Standing on the Line, filmmaker Paul Émile d’Entremont delivers a standout work whose message lingers long after the film ends. Besides showing that there’s still much work to be done, the documentary is permeated with a strong desire for change, as evidenced by the striking scene between football coach Serge Bourque and his assistant Justin Boisvert. After witnessing blatant homophobia within their team, they summoned the players to an emergency meeting the night before a big game. “If you go out there tomorrow with an attitude of inclusion, not only will you win the game, but you’ll also win in life,” said Bourque, who lost his gay brother to suicide. The Olympiens won, their game marked by solidarity as never before. Being gay, it would appear, is no deterrent to team spirit.
What made you want to make this documentary?
If you’re going to spend years on a film, you’d better find an idea you’re passionate about, one that resonates with you on a personal level. My sexual identity is what most defines me. Today this “difference” plays a major role in and is central to all my projects.
Last Chance (2012, NFB) chronicles the hurdles faced by five LGBTQ individuals seeking asylum in Canada. Our country is a beacon for exiles like these who seek refuge in Western society. Standing on the Line grew out of my desire to explore new ground: homophobia in sports. I’m not particularly athletic and so the film also became an opportunity to face some demons.
Why are homophobic acts on the rise in sports?
Very often it’s out of ignorance. Young people are being bullied because of their sexual orientation. High school was therefore the obvious choice for exploring this subject. The documentary not only reminds us that it’s hard to be a gay athlete, but that there are also solutions and role models. In that sense, I was really inspired by École L’Odyssée in Moncton, New Brunswick. I would have liked to have gone to a school like that.
What makes L’Odyssée so special?
L’Odyssée was one of the first high schools to implement the Indigo project. Principal Alain Bezeau took decisive action to deal with the bullying in his institution. “There’s no way things in my school are going to be the same as they were 20 years ago.” The project also runs in a number of English-language high schools under the Gay-Straight Alliance (GSA). It’s a safe, non-judgemental space where students can discuss sexual identity freely. A place where freedom of speech prevails. Young people can talk about sexuality openly and intelligently. In a group meeting, a student referred to people who think heterosexuality is the only possible sexual orientation, saying, “We live in a heteronormative society.” They’ve got the jargon!
Was it hard to find athletes to agree to go on camera?
I presented my project at a number of school board meetings. Some were uncomfortable with the topic and turned me down. At long last, the Francophone Sud School District opened its doors to me, which is where I heard about L’Odyssée. The school had a number of great things going for it, including the Indigo project. Still, getting assistant coach Justin Boisvert (who trains the school’s team, Les Olympiens de Moncton) and former player Jean-Christophe Comeau to talk on camera wasn’t without challenges. Before they came on board, I really had to stress the project’s importance and scope. I also had to point out that the documentary would be around for a while. It’s a film, and a film leaves traces…
As for the pro athletes, they’d already come out long ago. Still, for David Testo, the former Montreal Impact player who came out in 2011, it wasn’t easy. He kept putting off our meetings. Going back to unresolved things from his past was frightening. The mere idea of setting foot in the high school where his talent first came to light stirred up a lot of strong feelings. After the shoot, he said: “I knew it would be hard, but I’m really happy I did it.” The experience was intense.
Do you think the sports world lags behind other professions in terms of its openness to talking about sexual orientation?
When I compare it to other fields, I’m inclined to say yes. For example, why have no active or retired NHL players come out of the closet yet? Obviously, there have to be gay players in the NHL. They’re known to their teammates, but it’s never made public. Some gay players, even the most talented, will end up quitting their sport, since there’s a certain pressure to come out publicly.
In your opinion, which sport will do the most for raising awareness?
While I can’t single out any one sport, it would certainly be team sports. You need a celebrity to break through the barriers and bring about real change.
Does coming out have an impact on a player’s ability to succeed?
You can’t tell an athlete, “Oh, just come out of the closet and everything will be fine.” Think of David Testo, who quit soccer after he came out. On the other hand, speed skater Anastasia Bucsis saw her performance improve once she publicly identified as gay. The same goes for Canadian swimming legend Mark Tewksbury, today a gay and lesbian rights activist, who was a consultant for this film. He came out in the late 1990s and his performance also improved once he did. But there’s still much work to be done in this area, which is why I made the film.
In sports, do women have an easier time being open about their sexual orientation than men?
Gay female athletes are subject to a different kind of pressure. In fact, they have to cope with two forms of discrimination: one for being a lesbian, the other for being a woman. The difficulty is essentially the same, as we can see in sports that have judges. In figure skating, for example, effeminate men, or women whose appearance is more masculine, may be judged more severely. Traditional gender stereotypes are still very much rooted in the collective imagination.
Do you think it’s best for an athlete to come out before, during or after their career?
There are many factors to consider, particularly whether or not the athlete is well supported. Former semi-pro goalie Brock McGillis, for example, waited till he’d stopped playing. He has said: “I was pushed to become an activist and spokesperson at a time when I didn’t even know how to be gay!” In football, there was American rookie Michael Sam, who rejoined the Montreal Alouettes in 2015 and who has discussed how coming out affected his professional career.
Does coming out amount to putting the individual before the team?
This is a false belief about team sports. In the locker room or on the field, you often hear: “We can’t let this distract us.” David Testo talks candidly about the locker room and says that in all his years of playing soccer, he never felt at ease. Some of his teammates even wore their underwear when they took their showers in front of him. But the idea that being gay hinders performance or prevents the team from winning belongs to another era.
Do you think the homophobia in amateur and pro sports reflects the homophobia in society?
In sports as in life, homophobia reflects a problem in our society. It first shows up in the family sphere, regardless of religion. From there it spills over into school, sports or the workplace. Large cities, seen as havens of anonymity, are wrongly assumed to be the place to come out and find refuge against homophobia. But in fact, many people still refuse to reveal their “difference” to their boss, colleagues and entourage. Things are changing, but change takes time. There is hope; but there have been setbacks, as seen in some countries, including Russia and the U.S., where anti-gay laws are gaining ground. The notion of openness is not universal and this leads to restricted attitudes, thoughts in a vacuum.
You got to meet Brian Burke, former general manager of the Toronto Maple Leafs. Can you tell us a little about this hockey legend?
During one interview, Brian Burke talked about his son, Brendan Burke, who was tragically killed in a car crash. Brendan’s coming out had the effect of a bomb being dropped in the hockey world. Brian also discussed the gay community with a great deal of insight. His other son, Patrick, commented: “We’ve built up this idea of athletes as warriors. We really don’t train young athletes to put themselves in other people’s shoes.” Father and son have joined forces to broadcast a strong message through their involvement in You Can Play, an inclusion project aimed at athletes, coaches, athletic associations and LGBTQ champions.
What impact would you like your film to have?
In addition to wanting it to reach people on an emotional level, I want the film to be used as an awareness-raising tool for schools and sports teams. I hope it helps to get the conversation started. I also hope it makes viewers think.
What would you say to young amateur or pro athletes who are hesitant to reveal that they’re gay?
Sports is important. It’s beautiful. You have to choose the right moment to come out. You need to make sure you have solid support, particularly from those around you. The experience can be very liberating. Still, even once you’ve made the announcement, the process of coming out is never over.
Paul Émile d’Entremont
Photo : Mario Paulin
Paul Émile d’Entremont
Screenwriter and documentary filmmaker Paul Émile d’Entremont was born in Nova Scotia and lived there for most of his life. He holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Université de Moncton and a master’s in philosophy from Dalhousie University in Halifax. He currently makes his home in Vancouver.
Over the years, d’Entremont built a reputation as a talented Acadian filmmaker at Radio-Canada and RDI. He directed Naufrages (2009) for Phare-Est Média; it received three Gémeaux nominations, including one for Best Social Issues Documentary. His 2004 short film, Le confessionnal réinventé, co-produced with the NFB, won the award for best Acadian work at the Festival international du cinéma francophone en Acadie (FICFA).
D’Entremont’s first film, Alone, Together (Seuls, ensemble), released by the NFB in 2000, brought him to the attention of the queer community and won him the Best New Director award at the Atlantic Film Festival. His 2006 NFB documentary, Reema, There and Back (Reema, allers-retours), won the Golden Sheaf Award for Best Multicultural Film at the Yorkton Film Festival in Saskatchewan and aired on television a number of times, in addition to screening at national and international festivals. His deeply moving 2012 film, Last Chance (Une dernière chance), also produced by the NFB, opened the Image+Nation festival in Montreal and the Reel Awareness Film Festival, presented by Amnesty International Toronto. It won the La Vague Léonard-Forest award for best medium- or- feature-length Acadian film at FICFA. Standing on the Line (Franchir la ligne) is his most recent film for the NFB. It is an intimate look at amateur and professional athletes who come out while contending with enormous pressure and high expectations.
Paul Émile d’Entremont’s impressive body of work has much to say about human nature. Through film, he condemns discrimination, populist nationalism, and homophobia.
Photo : NFB
Christine Aubé has always been passionate about the worlds of storytelling, image and sound in all their forms. She discovered the NFB as director of production after working for broadcasters and independent producers across the country. A great organizer and manager, she joined the NFB team as a producer in 2018.
Christine works to support the next generation while working with experienced creators to produce works for audiences around the world.
Photo : Karine Wade
Jac Gautreau is an ideas guy. Good ideas, and he knows how to bring them to life. Born in Moncton New Brunswick, a bright morning in November 1963, Jac is passionate about creation. Fully bicultural, Jac creates as easily in the language of Shakespeare than that of Molière.
Jac is motivated by the artistic challenge, the creative adventure. What is unique about Jac is the diversity of his knowledge. He can speak techno with technicians, Stanislavski with actors, crescendo with the musicians, management with managers, marketing with customers and policy with politicians. Among his most recent creations: 12 edition of the East Coast Music Awards Gala (Gemini Award for best variety show, and 2001 and 2003), multimedia shows Le violon fantastique, Tracady Story 1, 2 and 3D and Page d’Amérique (over 70 000 spectators). In 2014, he was artistic director for the 5th World Acadian Congress and in May 2015 he joined the NFB, where he is busy producing documentary films, interactive works and developing virtual reality projects.
Photo : NFB
Maryse Chapdelaine first studied arts and literature, and went on to pursue studies in management before joining the National Film Board of Canada in 1980. During her years at the NFB, she collaborated on a number of major productions, co-productions, and international co-productions as an administrator, line producer, and producer. In October 2011, she was named head of the NFB’s Studio Acadie, where she produced documentaries by Acadian filmmakers including Phil Comeau, Paul Émile D’Entremont, Renée Blanchar, Rodolphe Caron and Louiselle Noël, and took a particular interest in the work of emerging directors. In April 2015, she joined Renée Blanchar’s ÇA TOURNE PRODUCTIONS, in order to produce dramas, documentaries, and online projects. In 2015, Maryse was nominated for a Gémeaux award for the film Ron Turcotte, jockey légendaire, directed by Phil Comeau. She was chair of the feature film jury at the 2015 Festival International de Cinéma Francophone en Acadie (FICFA).
Director of Photography
Serge Nakauchi Pelletier
a film by
Paul Émile d’Entremont
With the participation of
Written and directed by
Paul Émile d’Entremont
Paul Émile d’Entremont
Director of Photography
Jimmy D. Houssen
With the help of
Mélanie Gauthier – Studio SOUNDCHICK SFX
Infographics and Titles
Archival Research and Rights Clearance
The Canadian Press
National Post, a division of Network Postmedia Inc.
Olympic Oval / University of Calgary
Personal photographs : Brock McGillis, Anastasia Bucsis, David Testo, The Burke Family
Société Radio-Canada / CBC
The Globe and Mail
You Can Play Project
Serge Nakauchi Pelletier
© 2018 National Film Board of Canada (SOCAN) / Ho-Tune Musique (SOCAN)
AGAIN (AFTER ECCLESSIASTES)
written and composed by David Lang © Red Poppy, Ltd.
interpreted by Theatre Of Voices, Ars Nova Copenhagen
conducted by Paul Hillier
courtesy of Harmonia Mundi / [PIAS]
A special thanks to Mark Tewksbury
Anne et Jean Bernard d’Entremont
Nick De Santis
Indigo Committee, L’Odyssée School, Moncton, New Brunswick
France Breault, social worker
Saint John Sea Dogs, New Brunswick
Tim Roszell, Manager of Media and Communications
Fairmont Banff Springs
Francophone South School District, New Brunswick
Gerry McCrory Countryside Sports Complex, Sudbury
Killarny-Glengarry Community Association, Calgary
L’Odyssée School. Moncton
Moksha Yoga Montreal
T.C. Roberson High School
University of Calgary
Zero Gravity Climbing and Yoga, Montreal
Video Technical Support
Audio Technical Support
Canadian Francophonie Studio – Acadie
A production of
The National Film Board of Canada
© 2018 National Film Board of Canada
About the NFB
The NFB is Canada’s public producer of award-winning creative documentaries, auteur animation, interactive stories and participatory experiences. NFB producers are embedded in communities across the country, from St. John’s to Vancouver, working with talented creators on innovative and socially relevant projects. The NFB is a leader in gender equity in film and digital media production, and is working to strengthen Indigenous-led production, guided by the recommendations of Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. NFB productions have won over 7,000 awards, including 27 Canadian Screen Awards, 21 Webbys, 12 Oscars and more than 100 Genies. To access this award-winning content and discover the work of NFB creators, visit NFB.ca, download its apps for mobile devices or visit NFB Pause.