Labrecque From Film to Memory
Michel La Veaux
| 94 min
Selections and Awards
Official Competition36e Festival du cinéma international en Abitibi-Témiscamingue
Audience Prize for Best Documentary Festival de cinéma québécois des grands lacs à Biscarrosse
Best Film History Film AwardPessac Historical International Film Festival 2018
Michel La Veaux (Hôtel La Louisiane), a man who describes himself as being “passionate about light,” wanted to share his love of movie making with one of the pioneers of Quebec cinema: Jean-Claude Labrecque (À hauteur d’homme). At once a a respectful tribute and a touching portrait, Labrecque From Film to Memory plays out like a conversation between two friends.
While Jean-Claude Labrecque needed no coaxing to agree to be interviewed, Michel La Veaux, for his part, conveyed his love of cinema and affection for this modest giant not merely through words, but also through images. The palpably intimate discussion between Labrecque and La Veaux brings pages of Quebec cinema’s history to life and evokes the excitement of an era when such figures as Perrault, Brault, Jutra, Groulx, and Carle were brilliantly paving the way for future filmmakers.
Interview with Michel La Veaux
Whether he is shooting documentaries or fiction, Michel La Veaux’s goal is first and foremost to make movies. This exceptional cinematographer and director, whose work on Sébastien Pilote’s dazzling second feature film, Le démantèlement (The Auction), earned him a Jutra for best cinematography, would never entertain the idea of neglecting the quality of images or the cinematic language. This is especially true when it comes to getting film buffs of all ages to discover or rediscover a major figure in our cultural heritage.
As a self-described man with a “passion for light,” Michel La Veaux wanted to share his love of movie making with one of the pioneers of Quebec cinema, someone he still considers a role model and inspiration: filmmaker Jean-Claude Labrecque (Les vautours [The Vultures], La visite du général de Gaulle au Québec, La nuit de la poésie and À hauteur d’homme). At once a respectful tribute and a touching portrait, Labrecque From Film to Memory plays out like a conversation between two friends.
While Labrecque—an adept and prolific storyteller—needed no coaxing to agree to be interviewed, La Veaux, for his part, demonstrates ingenuity in his eagerness to transcend the genre. He conveys his love of cinema and affection for this modest giant not merely through words, but also through images, framing, and movement.
As in his previous feature documentary, Hôtel La Louisiane, in which this haven of freedom for artists and intellectuals appears in the opening shot in all its majesty, like a ship sailing in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, La Veaux does the same with Labrecque. He literally presents the venerable filmmaker as a monument in the memorable opening shot of Labrecque From Film to Memory.
Standing with his back to the river at the end of a dolly track, which La Veaux makes no attempt to conceal off-screen, Labrecque dispassionately stares at the camera as it slowly moves toward him until the shot culminates in a close-up of his face. Labrecque ceases to be a monument and once again becomes a man in the eyes of La Veaux, whose intention it was to shoot the images on a human level, in the manner of the humanist filmmaker.
In the low-key atmosphere of the Cinémathèque québécoise, the palpably intimate discussion between Labrecque and La Veaux, (the latter remaining discreetly hidden behind his camera), brings pieces of our history to life. It also evokes the excitement of an era when such figures as Perrault, Brault, Jutra, Groulx, and Carle were brilliantly paving the way for future filmmakers.
From the 40 or so works shot by Labrecque as a cinematographer or director, La Veaux selected a dozen, including Le chat dans le sac (The Cat in the Bag) by Gilles Groulx; La vie heureuse de Léopold Z (The Merry Life of Leopold Z) by Gilles Carle; and Labrecque’s Marie Uguay, a deeply moving portrait of the poet. La Veaux presents these excerpts in a way that produces a surprising double-mirroring effect: as Labrecque emotionally recalls the halcyon days when he took risks to create innovative, bold, never-before-seen images, La Veaux films those very images projected on a big screen. At the same time, he captures the projector’s hypnotic hum and then follows up with a visually sensual interplay between his camera and the projector.
Michel La Veaux and Jean-Claude Labrecque share the same passion for cinema as they do for cameras. When La Veaux invites Labrecque to Mel’s Studios, the almost carnal relationship they have with cameras is evident.
If we were to remember just one scene from this compassionate, moving, and fascinating documentary, it would unquestionably be the scene where La Veaux frames Labrecque in the centre of the Olympic Stadium. This is the very spot where Labrecque immortalized the 4 × 100-metre relay won by U.S. athletes in 1976 in Jeux de la XXIe olympiade (Games of the XXI Olympiad).
After performing the same camera movement with a vintage camera, Labrecque, seemingly energized by a quiet strength, looks straight ahead, as if to defy today’s filmmakers to dare to shake up our film industry the way he and other film pioneers have been doing since the 1960s. With Labrecque From Film to Memory, Michel La Veaux offers us a master class on cinema that is commensurate with this great man.
What was the initial idea behind your second feature documentary, Labrecque, une caméra pour la mémoire / Labrecque From Film to Memory?
I wanted to make a cinematic film about one of our own great filmmakers, a founding figure of Quebec cinema, Jean-Claude Labrecque.
What do you mean by “cinematic film”?
I create documentary cinema. I don’t make documentaries. I’m not comfortable with being called a documentarian. I’m passionate about cinema . . . and about light. When I make a documentary, I need to do photographic research. I don’t make documentaries about social issues, like a documentarian, because that doesn’t interest me. There have to be images, the cinematic language has to be there. For me, documentaries and fiction represent the same challenge.
Images are all the more important when it comes to a film about a great director and cinematographer like Jean-Claude Labrecque.
I wanted to share my love of cinema with Jean-Claude and then show it to others, so I had to be creative. As was the case with my previous film, Hôtel La Louisiane, I’m in Labrecque, From Film to Memory but you can’t see me. You hear my voice—I actually rehearsed a lot with the sound editor, Olivier Calvert—and feel my presence and gaze through my choice of shots and camera movements. Instead of always using words to say that Labrecque is a great man, I say it with my camera.
Did you direct the film’s cinematography yourself?
Yes, as I did with Hôtel La Louisiane. And I asked Antoine Masson-MacLean to be my camera assistant again.
What does Jean-Claude Labrecque represent for you?
He’s a role model and an inspiration. I have immense respect and genuine affection for the man. In my view, Jean-Claude Labrecque was Gilles Groulx’s Raoul Coutard (Godard’s cinematographer). I think it’s important to remember that these people paved the way for us, that these great directors and cinematographers were bold. When you’re 18 and you’ve got Michel Brault and Jean-Claude Labrecque for inspiration, you’re really lucky!
Your documentary indirectly pays tribute to several filmmakers, including Groulx, who you just mentioned. Tell us about the relationship between Labrecque and the director of Le Chat dans le sac / The Cat in the Bag.
For me, Gilles Groulx is huge, but people have forgotten to what extent he was one of our great filmmakers. Actually, he’s the greatest, and I wanted to do him justice. Jean-Claude told me that if he’d continued to do cinematography for Groulx, he would never have become a director.
Jean-Claude Labrecque and Michel Brault inspired you when you were young, but who inspired Jean-Claude Labrecque in his youth?
Paul Vézina at the Office du film du Québec (OFQ–Quebec Film Board). I didn’t know him. Jean-Claude’s dream was to work with Brault, but he’s quick to say that Vézina was his mentor. Vézina’s the one who taught him about light. I like it when someone as great as Labrecque still admits he had a mentor.
The way you frame Labrecque in the opening shot makes it seem that you’re approaching him as if he were a monument.
I wanted to move toward Jean-Claude with my camera… use movement to approach him. In filmmaking, tracking shots produce the most beautiful movement. I wanted to include the dolly track in the field of vision, make it visible in the image. Jean-Claude is standing in front of the river. He’s at home, in Quebec City. On the water, a freighter is sailing out to the Atlantic. The tracking shot follows the freighter’s pace. I end that tracking shot with a close-up of Jean-Claude so that we see him on a human scale, the way he’s always looked at his subjects.
As in Labrecque’s work, tracking shots play a key role in your documentary.
Yes, tracking is the movement used in fiction movies that I apply to documentaries because my goal is to make documentary cinema. In my opinion, the scene at the Olympic Stadium is one of the most beautiful scenes in my film. I’d been wanting to set up that scene with Jean-Claude for a long time. He’s there, at the same place where he shot the 4 × 100-metre relay in 1976, in the same position, with the same camera, the old Éclair. The take he filmed in 1976 is projected on the stadium’s giant screen. I’m in a vehicle and move toward Jean-Claude with a tracking camera, ending with a close-up of him and his camera to show the magnitude of the man. And so I film the take from the Jeux de la XXIe olympiade / Games of the XXI Olympiad and merge it with the take that Jean-Claude is redoing.
Beyond the technical virtuosity, there’s also emotion in your documentary… even a certain solemnity.
Emotion is crucial to my work as a cinematographer and director. I always have an emotional relationship with light and framing, and naturally with the fictional or real characters. There’s a very simple shot that I really love, the one in the church where Jean-Claude is talking about Marie Uguay. I lit it like a fiction film, using movie lights from outside. Then I asked him to walk down the hill in the cemetery and look out at the river. We were on Île Perrot. I shot the scene once with the dolly track visible and once again without it visible. I kept the shot where the track can’t be seen so that, like in a fiction film, the filmmaking process wouldn’t be apparent in the image.
How many days did it take to shoot the entire movie?
In all, 11, including three days of interviews at the Cinémathèque québécoise. It’s very important to note that I got the films from the Cinémathèque. I chose 12 works out of about 50. I was able to count on the collaboration of film editor Nicolas Roy for choosing the excerpts. I always insisted on 35 mm on-screen projections because I didn’t want to show digital excerpts in my film. So I filmed the images from the screen. You can even hear the noise of the projector.
Incidentally, you have a very sensual way of framing that projector, as if you were caressing it with your camera…
I have a sensual love relationship with that equipment. I think it’s beautiful! Cameras are beautiful to me! When Jean-Claude says how much he loves the Arriflex S, I understand what he means: it’s the first camera I worked with. I love it as much as he does. And he didn’t know that. I love the harmony of shapes. A cinematographer is always looking for beauty. Actually, it doesn’t have to be beautiful, it just has to be accurate and meaningful. Those shots convey my love of cinema.
Speaking of cameras, you seize the opportunity to take us to a place that is not well known to the public.
Yes, the camera service at Mel’s Studios. That’s where I feel at home, where I’m the happiest in the world. No one knows the place, except cinematographers and camera assistants. For Jean-Claude, I had them bring out all the cameras he’d worked with.
We get the feeling throughout the film that there’s a real bond between you and Labrecque. Did you consider it important for this tribute to have that friendly, human dimension?
What pleases me most is the bond that I have with this man, and also that I succeeded in talking about filmmaking with him and made a cinematic film, even if it’s with a talking head. That being said, I don’t like the word “tribute.” Instead, I made it my moral obligation to remind the world that Jean-Claude Labrecque is a key player in Quebec culture. Quebec cinema is an important part of our culture. In my opinion, Quebec filmmakers are just as significant as writers and singers: we have to acknowledge them.
Trailer (in French only)
DIRECTION, RESEARCH AND SCRIPT
MICHEL LA VEAUX
MICHEL LA VEAUX
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLOURIST
INSTRUMENTS & ARRANGEMENTS
A SUDESTUDIO LECCE – ITALY
JEAN PAUL VIALARD
GAFFERS / GRIPS
ANTOINE MASSON MAC LEAN
TECHNICAL SUPPORT – EDITING
NATIONAL FILM BOARD OF CANADA
BIBLIOTHÈQUE ET ARCHIVES NATIONALES DU QUÉBEC
FILM AND VIDEO
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE
NATIONAL FILM BOARD OF CANADA
JOUR DE JUIN
UN JEU SI SIMPLE
LE CHAT DANS LE SAC
MÉMOIRE EN FÊTE
LA VIE HEUREUSE DE LÉOPOLD Z
LA VISITE DU GÉNÉRAL DE GAULLE AU QUÉBEC
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE ET NFB, 1967
L’HIVER EN FROID MINEUR
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE, 1969
LA NUIT DE LA POÉSIE 1970
AND JEAN-PIERRE MASSE
ESSAI À LA MILLE
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE, 1972
FILMS JEAN-CLAUDE LABRECQUE, 1975
JEUX DE LA XXIE OLYMPIADE
GEORGES DUFAUX, JEAN BEAUDIN,
LA NUIT DE LA POÉSIE 28 MARS 1980
AND JEAN-PIERRE MASSE
LES PRODUCTIONS VIRAGE INC., 2002
À HAUTEUR D’HOMME
LES PRODUCTIONS VIRAGE INC., 2003
VIVIANNE DE KINDER
TRANSLATION AND SUBTITLES
SENIOR DIRECTOR, TV INFORMATION, FRENCH SERVICES
www.acpav.ca / membre AQPM
IN CO-PRODUCTION WITH
THE NATIONAL FILM BOARD OF CANADA
PRODUCED WITH THE FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION OF
WITH THE COLLABORATION OF
For over 45 years, ACPAV has been developing and producing auteur films with a special emphasis on thought-provoking cinema. Directors and screenwriters whose work ACPAV has produced include Léa Pool, Mireille Dansereau, Paul Tana, Pierre Falardeau, Bernard Émond, Benoit Pilon, Sébastien Pilote, Sophie Deraspe and Richard Desjardins. ACPAV continues to develop new films and currently has projects by several new talents under way.
About the NFB
Founded in 1939, the National Film Board of Canada (NFB) is a one-of-a-kind producer, co-producer and distributor of distinctive, engaging, relevant and innovative documentary and animated films. As a talent incubator, it is one of the world’s leading creative centres. The NFB has enabled Canadians to tell and hear each other’s stories for over eight decades, and its films are a reliable and accessible educational resource. The NFB is also recognized around the world for its expertise in preservation and conservation, and for its rich and vibrant collection of works, which form a pillar of Canada’s cultural heritage. To date, the NFB has produced more than 14,000 works, 6,500 of which can be streamed free of charge at nfb.ca. The NFB and its productions and co-productions have earned over 7,000 awards, including 11 Oscars and an Honorary Academy Award for overall excellence in cinema.